A pronoun can replace a noun or another pronoun. We use pronouns to make sentences less cumbersome and less repetitive.
They are very useful as they reduce the need to repeat the nouns.
I, Me, You, Him, Her, He, She, They, Them, It
- I am Jake's brother.
- Me and my sister go to school together.
- You can also go to New Jersay.
- Mary baked him a cake
- She is going to Paris in summer.
- They went to Brazil last week.
- He is the tallest in the class.
- Please tell her to wait in the lobby.
- It is our duty to follow the traffic rules.
Mine, Ours, Yours, His, Hers, Its, Theirs
We use possessive pronouns to refer to a specific person/people or thing/things (the "antecedent") belonging to a person/people (and sometimes belonging to an animal/animals or thing/things).
- I like your flowers. Do you like mine?
- I found John's key but I couldn't find yours.
- All the essays were good but his was the best.
- John found his clothes but Mary couldn't find hers.
- Your photos are good. Ours are terrible.
- John and Mary don't like your car. Do you like theirs?
Myself, Yourself, Himself, Herself, Itself
We use a reflexive pronoun when we want to refer back to the subject of the sentence or clause. Reflexive pronouns end in "-self" (singular) or "-selves" (plural).
- I saw myself in the mirror.
- Why do you blame yourself?
- John sent himself a copy.
- She spoke to me herself.
- My dog hurt itself.
This, That, These, Those
You will have noticed that the pronouns in bold text are used to point out the objects to which they refer. They are therefore called demonstrative pronouns. There are four demonstrative pronouns in English: this, that, these and those.
- This is a gift from my brother.
- Both watches are good; but this is better than that.
- My views are in accordance with those of the Chairman.
- These are mere excuses.
- That is the Red Fort.
- Mumbai mangoes are better than those of Bangalore.
Who, What, Whom, Whose, Which
We use interrogative pronouns to ask questions. The interrogative pronoun represents the thing that we don't know (what the question about).
- Who told you?
- What do you want?
- Whom did you see?
- There's one car missing. Whose hasn't arrived?
- Which came first?
Some, Any, Each, All, Nothing, Anyone
In the sentences given below the pronouns in bold text are examples of indefinite pronouns because they do not refer to a particular person or thing. Indefinite pronouns are used to talk about people or things in a general way.
- One hardly knows what to do.
- None of them have come yet.
- Each boy was given a prize.
- All have arrived.
- Some are born great; some achieve greatness.
- Nobody came to his rescue.
- Can anyone answer this question?
- Few escaped unhurt.
- If you don't know the answer it's best to say nothing.