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PLANTS

What are Plants ?
Plants are living things. They come in many different shapes and sizes. Plants grow in soil or in water. They make their own food and store their food in roots, stems, fruits or leaves. Plants produce flowers of different colors, shapes and sizes.

Parts of plants
  1. Roots take in water from the soil and hold the plant firmly on the ground.
  2. Stems support the plant above the ground and carry the water absorbed by the roots to different parts of the plant.
  3. Leaves make food for the plant and help the plant to breathe.
  4. Flowers turn into fruits.
  5. Fruits make seeds.
  6. Seeds can give rise to a new plant of the same kind.
Types of plants
  1. Trees are the large plants with a tall and strong, woody stem.
  2. Climbers and Creepers grow along the ground or up the sides of walls or trees. These have a weak stem.
  3. Grass are of many kinds. They can be short or tall, brown, yellow or green.
  4. Shrubs are small plants. They have many separate stems which grow from near the ground. The stems are hard and do not bend easily.
  5. Herbs are plants that are valued for flavor, scent, medicinal or other qualities. Weeds are also herbs. Weeds grow where we don't want them to grow!
  6. Aquatic plants grow in water or in wet soil under water.
Uses of plants
  1. Plants clean the air - Plants make the air clean which we use for breathing.
  2. Plants give us food - We eat the fruits, nuts, berries, grains, roots, stems, leaves and seeds of some plants.
  3. Plants make a garden look beautiful - We use the flowers and leaves from plants as decorations.
  4. Plants provide homes - Some birds and animals make their homes in plants. They also find their food in plants.
  5. Plants give us fibres - We use cotton fibres to make thread and cloth and jute fibre is used to make sacks, bags, mats and rope.
  6. Trees give us wood - We use wood to make pencil, ladder, box, chair, paper etc
  7. Plants give us other useful items like rubber, oil, perfume, manure etc.
Related Links
Plants for third and fourth graders
Plants for fifth graders